The AHS Index is a new way to look at data that illuminates a snapshot of our world today. It is intended to highlight health inequities and spark conversation, debate, outrage, and wonder.

Years that affirmative action was a legal precedent in college admissions decisions: 45

Increase in college enrollments of Black students after affirmative action policies were enacted: 164%

Percent of Americans who approve of the Supreme Court’s decision against the use of affirmative action in Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. President and Fellows of Harvard College: 57

Increase in women who received bachelor’s degrees after affirmative action policies were enacted: 66%

Percent of white women who disapprove of affirmative action: 70

Percent by which Black men are more likely to agree to preventive health services after seeing a Black doctor, as opposed to a white doctor: 18

Projected reduction in the Black/white cardiovascular mortality gap if Black doctors screened Black patients: 19 percent

Percentage of U.S. medical school graduates who are Black, according to the most recent AAMC data available: 6

Hispanic: 5

Asian: 21

White: 54

Percentage of first-year medical school interns and residents in AHS’ 2022 entering class who were Black: 16*

Hispanic: 12*

Asian: 42*

White: 14*

Multiracial: 10*

Decrease in a patient’s odds of death, when they receive care from doctors who are the same race as them: 15%

Decrease in a patient’s odds of death, when they receive care in their native language: 54%

*Source: Alameda Health System Graduate Medical Education Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) Data